This session combines elements of a panel and a workshop, with the aim to provide a solid theoretical background to a hands-on group activity. The aim of the session is to gain insights into how new meaning is created from texts and graphical representations of archaeological settings, and how existing meaning is captured into texts and graphical representations as well. In other words, the session aims to explore the full cycle of meaning generation and transmission on both textual and graphical formats. To accomplish this, the first half of the session will work as a panel, with 3 experts making very short presentations of their respective points of view on each the core topics: text, meaning and graphical representations. A debate will follow. The second half of the session will work as a workshop, by involving all participants in a group activity where texts and graphical representations of archaeological case studies will have to be read, understood, transmitted and re-created. The session will finish with a collective discussion.